Last week, The Hindu published this article on the report of the United Kingdom’s Parliamentary Commission on Banking Standards and what the RBI stands to learn from that report. The article highlights the key findings of the report in relation to raising the standard of accountability within the management of banks.
As the article concludes, the Indian banking sector is changing from largely public to inclusively private. In this context, the RBI should be mindful of the regulatory landmines waiting when the banks it is regulating change from risk-averse public banks to market-hungry private banks.
One of the points that caught my eye deals with incentives for performance within the banking system. One of the key takeaways from the financial crisis is the risk stemming from the issue of executive pay. Managers become prone to taking short-term risks easily, while ignoring the long-term consequences. Immediate positive consequences are heavily rewarded while the negative long-term consequences take their toll on the banks, and eventually the system, as a whole. In this context, the Commission made the following recommendations:
- Creation of a separate set of accounting statements dealing exclusively with remuneration, both at the company level and at the level of business units.
- Avoiding the use of narrow measures such as return on equity for determining remuneration.
- Bank remuneration committees must disclose the measures used to determine remuneration.
- A significant part of variable remuneration must be deferred, for up to ten years.
(Deeksha Singh is part of the faculty on myLaw.net.)